Mammary Neoplasms (Total 1989836 Papers Found)

A related DNA fragment distinct from the epidermal growth factor receptor and ERBB2 genes was detected by reduced stringency hybridization of v-erbB to normal genomic human DNA. Characterization of the cloned DNA fragment mapped the region of v-erbB homology to three exons with closest identity of 64% and 67% to a contiguous region within the tyrosine kinase domains of the epidermal growth factor receptor and ERBB2 proteins, respectively. cDNA cloning revealed a predicted 148-kDa transmembrane p ...
To determine the mechanism by which the (n-3) fatty acids (FA) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) decrease proliferation and induce apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells, we examined the effects of EPA and DHA on the lipid composition of lipid rafts as well as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) raft localization and phosphorylation. (n-3) FA (a combination of EPA and DHA) inhibited (P < 0.05) the growth of MDA-MB-231 cells by 48-62% in the presence and ...
Intratumoral hypoxia, a frequent finding in metastatic cancer, results in the activation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs). HIFs are implicated in many steps of breast cancer metastasis, including metastatic niche formation through increased expression of lysyl oxidase (LOX) and lysyl oxidase-like (LOXL) proteins, enzymes that remodel collagen at the metastatic site and recruit bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) to the metastatic niche. We investigated the effect of two chemically and mechanist ...
BACKGROUND The National Cancer Institute Black/White Cancer Survival Study began patient accrual in 1985 and was designed to investigate factors that might contribute to the observed racial differences in survival for cancer of the breast, uterine corpus, colon, and bladder. METHODS To determine whether there were racial differences in treatment in a clinically homogeneous set of patients, 305 (25%) of the 1222 women in this study with Stage II node-positive (N+) breast cancer were evaluated. ...
Dysregulation of human epidermal growth factor receptor (ErbB/HER) pathways by over-expression or constitutive activation can promote tumor processes including angiogenesis and metastasis and is associated with poor prognosis in many human malignancies. In addition to cancer, ErbB signaling has also been implicated in cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. Conversely, inhibition of ErbB pathways with targeted agents, such as monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) or tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TK ...
Ages at menarche and first birth are established risk factors for breast cancer. The interval between these ages may also affect risk, since the breast is more susceptible to carcinogenic insults during this period than during the parous period. However, few investigators have studied this relation. Using logistic regression, the authors evaluated associations between the timing of reproductive events and breast cancer risk among 4,013 cases and 4,069 controls enrolled in a multicenter, populati ...
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of diffusion imaging in the evaluation of response to neoadjuvant breast cancer treatment by correlating apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value changes with pathological response. From June 2007 to June 2009, all consecutive patients with histopathologically confirmed breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy were enrolled. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (including diffusion sequence) before and after neoadjuv ...
Background: The hypothesis that sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping in breast cancer patients is optimized by combining blue dye and isotope is reasonable and intuitive. Despite this, few studies examine in detail the factors contributing to the success of these techniques, either individually or in combination. Methods: During a time period of 21/2 years, 1000 consecutive patients at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center had SLN mapping performed by using both blue dye and isotope, with preopera ...
Stathmin is a highly conserved cytosolic phosphoprotein that destabilizes microtubules. Stathmin, which has been proposed as a relay protein integrating diverse cell signalling pathways, acts in vitro as a tubulin-sequestering protein, and its activity is dramatically reduced by phosphorylation. Interestingly, stathmin expression and phosphorylation are regulated during the control of cell growth and differentiation, and there is much evidence suggesting that in vivo stathmin plays a role in the ...
Postmenopausal patients with metastatic breast cancer were treated with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) (Clinovir) in dosages between 500 and 1500 mg orally per day. The relation of MPA plasma concentrations and endocrine effects were studied in a longitudinal fashion. MPA exerted suppressive effects on the basal and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulated gonadotropin secretion, cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and estradiol (E2) in a dose-dependent manner leading to a comple ...
Truncation mutations in the BRCA1 gene cause a substantial increase in risk of breast cancer. However, these mutations are rare in the general population and account for little of the overall incidence of sporadic breast cancer. We used whole-gene resequencing data to select haplotype tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms, and examined the association between common haplotypes of BRCA1 and breast cancer in a nested case-control study in the Nurses' Health Study (1323 cases and 1910 controls). ...
The relation between physical activity and uterine leiomyomata (fibroids) has received little study, but exercise is protective for breast cancer, another hormonally mediated tumor. Participants in this study were randomly selected members of a health plan based in Washington, DC, aged 35-49 years (734 African Americans, 455 Whites) enrolled between 1996 and 1999. Fibroid status was based on ultrasound screening. Physical activity was based on detailed interview questions. Logistic regression wi ...
Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 confer high risks of breast cancer and ovarian cancer. The risk prediction algorithm BOADICEA (Breast and Ovarian Analysis of Disease Incidence and Carrier Estimation Algorithm) may be used to compute the probabilities of carrying mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 and help to target mutation screening. Tumours from BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers display distinctive pathological features that could be used to better discriminate between BRCA1 mutation carriers, BRCA2 mu ...
Clinical guidelines for breast cancer treatment differ in their selection of patients at a high risk of recurrence who are eligible to receive adjuvant systemic treatment (AST). The 70-gene signature is a molecular tool to better guide AST decisions. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether adding the 70-gene signature to clinical risk prediction algorithms can optimize outcome prediction and consequently treatment decisions in early stage, node-negative breast cancer patients. A 70-gene si ...
Heregulins are a family of ligands for the ErbB3/ErbB4 receptors that play important roles in breast cancer cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. Limited information is available on the contribution of Rho GTPases to heregulin-mediated signaling. In breast cancer cells, heregulin beta1 (HRG) causes a strong activation of Rac; however, it does so with striking differences in kinetics compared to epidermal growth factor, which signals through ErbB1 (epidermal growth factor receptor [EGFR]). Using ...
BACKGROUND High-quality care must be not only appropriate but also timely. We assessed time to initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer as well as factors associated with delay to help identify targets for future efforts to reduce unnecessary delays. METHODS Using data from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Outcomes Database, we assessed the time from pathological diagnosis to initiation of chemotherapy (TTC) among 6622 women with stage I to stage III breast cancer ...
Curcumin, a natural compound, is a well-known chemopreventive agent with potent anticarcinogenic activity in a wide variety of tumor cells. Curcumin inhibits cancer cell proliferation in part by suppressing cyclin D1 and inducing expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21. Both p53-dependent and p53-independent mechanisms regulate p21 expression, but the mechanism by which curcumin regulates p21 expression remains unknown. Here, we report that transcription of the p21 gene is activa ...
The correlation between the content of individual glycosaminoglycans and the histological patterns are studied on breast tumor tissues. The myxomatous stroma of intracanalicular fibroadenoma contained a large amount of glycosaminoglycans, which were mainly hyaluronic acid. The chondroitin 4- and 6-sulfate level was also high. As the supporting stroma of this tumor became denser and more fibrous, the level of hyaluronic acid content was reduced. In the case of pericanalicular fibroadenoma, glycos ...
INTRODUCTION Fertility preservation needs have increased dramatically in recent years due to a rising cancer incidence and also a significant increase in survival rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS We report on 200 women participating in the Valencia Programme for Fertility Preservation, of whom 55% were breast cancer patients, 25% Hodgkin's disease patients, and the remaining 20% suffered from other nonmalignant and malignant diseases. Mean age was 28.2 years (11-39). Before patients were submitted ...
BACKGROUND Shared Decision Making (SDM) is widely accepted as the preferred method for reaching treatment decisions in the oncology setting including those about clinical trial participation: however, there is some disagreement between researchers over the components of SDM. Specific standardized coding systems are needed to help overcome this difficulty. OBJECTIVE The first objective was to describe the development of an oncology specific SDM coding system, the DAS-O. The second objective was ...
BACKGROUND The primary aim was to compare arm lymphoedema after sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) alone versus axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) in women with node-negative and node-positive breast cancer. The secondary aim was to examine the potential association between self-reported and objectively measured arm lymphoedema. METHODS Women who had surgery during 1999-2004 for invasive breast cancer in four centres in Sweden were included. The study groups were defined by the axillary proc ...
We previously reported the association of elevated levels of the multifunctional transcription factor, CCCTC binding factor (CTCF), in breast cancer cells with the specific anti-apoptotic function of CTCF. To understand the molecular mechanisms of this phenomenon, we investigated regulation of the human Bax gene by CTCF in breast and non-breast cells. Two CTCF binding sites (CTSs) within the Bax promoter were identified. In all cells, breast and non-breast, active histone modifications were pres ...
The aspartyl protease cathepsin D (EC 3.4.23.5) appears to be found in increased amounts and/or abnormally secreted in breast cancer cells, and may contribute to the metastatic spread of malignancy. In the present study, cathepsin D was purified 4800-fold in 20% yield from malignant human breast tissue using affinity chromatography on pepstatin-agarose and DEAE-Sephadex chromatography. Slab gel SDS-PAGE of the purified cathepsin D indicated the presence of three major protein bands (31, 13, 12, ...
Chemotherapy for breast cancer causes early-onset menopause for most women older than age 40 and is associated with accelerated bone loss. The primary objective of this study was to compare the effects of intravenous (IV) zoledronic acid versus prescribed physical activity (PA) on changes in bone mineral density (BMD) for women between the ages of 40 and 55 years receiving chemotherapy for breast cancer. A randomized controlled trial of 62 patients with breast cancer during chemotherapy compared ...
Molecular diagnosis of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) by standard methodologies has been limited to the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. With the recent development of new sequencing methodologies, the speed and efficiency of DNA testing have dramatically improved. The aim of this work was to validate the use of next-generation sequencing (NGS) for the detection of BRCA1/BRCA2 point mutations in a diagnostic setting and to study the role of other genes associated with HBOC in Portuguese famil ...
X-box binding protein 1 (XBP-1) is stimulated by endoplasmic reticulum stress as part of the unfolded protein response (UPR), which can promote apoptosis or cell survival. Non-conventional splicing, stimulated during the UPR, converts mRNA for "unspliced" XBP-1U to "spliced" XBP-1S mRNA. XBP-1 mRNA is oestrogen-responsive, but XBP-1S confers oestrogen independence and anti-oestrogen resistance to breast cancer cell lines. We therefore evaluated XBP-1 mRNA splicing as a factor in response of brea ...
Women with a limited family history of breast cancer may be interested in cancer genetics information although their objective risk of breast cancer may not indicate routine referral to cancer genetics services. This study examined factors related to interest and use of cancer genetics services in a community sample of women with a limited family history of breast cancer (N = 187) who had no previous contact with cancer genetics services. Participants provided demographic information and rat ...
Microwave tomography recovers images of tissue dielectric properties, which appear to be specific for breast cancer, with low-cost technology that does not present an exposure risk, suggesting the modality may be a good candidate for monitoring neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Eight patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced breast cancer were imaged longitudinally five to eight times during the course of treatment. At the start of therapy, regions of interest (ROIs) were identif ...
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) refers to plastic changes in epithelial tissue architecture. Breast cancer stromal cells provide secreted molecules, such as transforming growth factor β (TGFβ), that promote EMT on tumor cells to facilitate breast cancer cell invasion, stemness and metastasis. TGFβ signaling is considered to be abnormal in the context of cancer development; however, TGFβ acting on breast cancer EMT resembles physiological signaling during embryonic development, when E ...
BACKGROUND Lung is a common organ of metastases in patients with primary breast cancer. Pulmonary metastasis of primary breast cancer is usually considered as a systemic disease, however, the systemic approaches have achieved little progress in terms of prolonging survival time. In contrast, some studies revealed a probable survival benefit of pulmonary metastasectomy for such patients. However, the prognostic factor for pulmonary metastasectomy in breast cancer patients is still a controversial ...
It is now understood that epigenetic alterations occur frequently in sporadic breast carcinogenesis, but little is known about the epigenetic alterations associated with familial breast tumors. We performed genome-wide DNA-methylation profiling on familial breast cancers (n = 33) to identify patterns of methylation specific to the different mutation groups (BRCA1, BRCA2, and BRCAx) or intrinsic subtypes of breast cancer (basal, luminal A, luminal B, HER2-amplified, and normal-like). We used meth ...
OBJECTIVES To test experimentally whether a psychological intervention reduces depression-related symptoms and markers of inflammation among cancer patients and to test one mechanism for the intervention effects. Depression and inflammation are common among cancer patients. Data suggest that inflammation can contribute to depressive symptoms, although the converse remains untested. METHODS As part of a randomized clinical trial, newly diagnosed breast cancer patients (n = 45) with clinically s ...
BACKGROUND Following treatment for primary breast cancer, annual mammography and regular clinical breast examination is advised. The aim of this study was to investigate whether annual mammography resulted in an improvement in stage of contralateral breast cancers compared with mammography performed at a longer interval. METHODS This was a retrospective analysis of patients treated for breast cancer, who developed a contralateral breast cancer between 1977 and 1998. Patients were stratified in ...
BACKGROUND Parallel bodies of research suggest both a central role for osteoclasts in tumor-induced destruction of bone and the ability of biologic tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) antagonists to attenuate the osteoclast-mediated bone destruction that accompanies a variety of nonmalignant disorders. Additional studies have implicated TNF-alpha in the promotion of osteoclast-mediated malignant osteolysis and the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain. TNF-alpha antagonists have the potential to ...
A retrospective study was performed to determine the value of pathological evaluation of inked primary tumor specimen margins in the local control of patients with stage I and II breast cancer. In 150 patients with 153 invasive breast cancers, treatment involved surgical resection of the primary tumor, pathological determination of tumor-free inked specimen margins, and 5000 cGy whole breast radiation therapy (RT) without tumor bed RT local boost. This approach yielded an actuarial five-year loc ...
Longitudinal analysis of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) remains unstandardized and compromises comparison of results between trials. In oncology, despite available statistical approaches, results are poorly used to change standards of care, mainly due to lack of standardization and the ability to propose clinical meaningful results. In this context, the time to deterioration (TTD) has been proposed as a modality of longitudinal HRQoL analysis for cancer patients. As for tumor response an ...
Hypoxia-inducible factor-alpha (Hif-alpha) plays an important role in tumor growth by increasing resistance to apoptosis and the production of angiogenic factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Therefore, Hif-alpha is an attractive target for development of novel cancer therapeutics. We have generated Chinese hamster ovary cells, which stably express luciferase reporter construct under the control of a hypoxia response element to screen 15,000 compounds. We identified 40 comp ...
BACKGROUND Cancer anemia causes fatigue and correlates with poor treatment outcome. Erythropoietin has been introduced in an attempt to correct these defects. However, five recent clinical trials reported a negative impact of erythropoietin on survival and/or tumor control, indicating that experimental evaluation of a possible direct effect of erythropoietin on cancer cells is required. Cancer recurrence is thought to rely on the proliferation of cancer initiating cells (CICs). In breast cancer, ...
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous disease associated with poor clinical outcome and lack of targeted therapy. Here we show that prolactin (PRL) and its signaling pathway serve as a sub-classifier and predictor of pro-differentiation therapy in TNBC. Using immunohistochemistry and various gene expression in silica analyses we observed that prolactin receptor (PRLR) protein and mRNA levels are down regulated in TNBC cases. In addition, examining correlation of PRLR gene expre ...
HLA system plays a key role in the tumor cells’ escape from immune surveillance. Herein is the first report on the correlation of the susceptibility to breast cancer with HLA class II markers in Tunisia. Molecular typing of HLA-DRB1 and -DQB1 loci was undertaken for 70 Tunisian female patients. Comparison of allele and haplotype distribution between patients and 70 female control subjects reveals a negative association between HLA-DRB1*07-DQB1*02 and the incidence of breast cancer in the Tunis ...
Breast cancer treatments have been associated with accelerated bone loss and increased osteoporosis risk. In a subgroup analysis of a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we compared the changes in spine and total hip bone mineral density (BMD) and biochemical markers of bone turnover in women with primary breast cancer who had received standard therapy plus either oral clodronate 1600 mg/d (n=419) or placebo (n=432) for 2 years. After 2 years, spine BMD was 1.92% higher in patien ...
The recessive ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) syndrome is characterized by cerebellar degeneration, immunodeficiency, cancer susceptibility, premature aging, and insulin-resistant diabetes and is caused by loss of function of the ATM kinase, a member of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase-like protein kinases (PIKKs) family. ATM plays a crucial role in the DNA damage response (DDR); however, the complexity of A-T features suggests that ATM may regulate other cellular functions. Here we show that ATM affec ...
We have previously shown that transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) is a hormonally regulated negative growth factor in estrogen responsive MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. We have now compared the antiestrogens tamoxifen, droloxifene (3-hydroxytamoxifen), and toremifene in their ability to induce the secretion of autoinhibitory TGF beta by MCF-7 cells. The main results are as follows: induction of TGF beta secretion by droloxifene is about two to three times higher than by identical concen ...
BACKGROUND The origin and the contribution of breast tumor heterogeneity to its progression are not clear. We investigated the effect of a growing orthotopic tumor formed by an aggressive estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer cell line on the metastatic potential of a less aggressive ER-positive breast cancer cell line for the elucidation of how the presence of heterogeneous cancer cells might affect each other's metastatic behavior. METHODS ER positive ZR-75-1/GFP/puro cells, resistan ...
[F-18] 16 alpha-Fluoroestradiol (FES) has been shown to be a tracer of estrogen receptor content in breast tumors; however, quantitative analysis of FES images is complicated by the rapid metabolism of the tracer in vivo. To optimize FES PET imaging studies and to provide an input function for the quantitative analysis of the tracer FES uptake in breast tumors, we studied the clearance and metabolism of FES in 15 breast cancer patients. FES clearance, protein binding, and metabolite production a ...
Breast cancer survivors (BCSs) often suffer from menopausal symptoms induced by systemic treatments, with a consequent negative effect on quality of life. Since the introduction of aromatase inhibitors as the standard therapy for hormone-dependent tumors, genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) has become a main problem for BCSs. This new terminology refers to the wide range of vaginal and urinary symptoms related to menopause, which can be relieved by estrogen therapy. Unfortunately, systemic ...
Aromatase is a particularly attractive target in the treatment of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer. Aromatase levels in breast cancer cells are enhanced by prostaglandins and reduced by COX inhibitors. The synthesis and biological evaluation of a novel series of sulfonanilide analogues derived from the COX-2 selective inhibitor NS-398 are described. The compounds suppress aromatase enzyme activity in SK-BR-3 breast cancer cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The effect of these co ...
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine the predictors of fatigue 6 and 12 months after surgical treatment in women with early-stage breast cancer (BC group) and in women with benign breast problems (BBP group) in a prospective follow-up study. METHODS Women entered the study prior to diagnosis and completed questionnaires on personality factors, psychological factors, and social support. Fatigue was assessed 6 and 12 months after diagnosis (BBP group) or surgical treatment (BC gr ...